AMED Countdown

The countdown to the AMED 2017 conference begin. Stay tuned for more information and posts about the upcoming conference and events!

 

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The 9th Annual SCAD Conference 2017 is fast approaching.

The 9th Annual SCAD Conference is around the corner!

This conference will discuss many color-related issues in dentistry from a variety of field leaders, including our very own Dr. Cherilyn Sheets.

Dr. Cherilyn Sheets will be presenting on Friday October 13th.

Friday, October 13, 2017

Time: 3:40-4:10 pm

Cherilyn Sheets: Evolving concepts for integrating esthetics and structural integrity in clinical practice

This presentation will highlight recent clinical research into the assessment of the structural strength of natural teeth blended with the clinical and technological realities that we encounter in oral rehabilitations. Thoughts for future assessment of material choices due to lack of quantity or quality of tooth structural integrity will be explored.

For more information about her lecture see link below.

http://www.scadent.org/events/newportbeach-2017/presenters/sheets

Stay tuned for more exciting updates and information about the SCAD Conference 2017.

Dr. Jacinthe M. Paquette DDS: New President of American Academy of Esthetic Dentistry

At the close of the 42nd Annual Scientific Meeting & Interdisciplinary Summit in San Diego, CA, the Academy welcomes 11 new associate members to the roster as well as a New President.

Headquartered in Chicago, AAED is an elite dental organization formed in 1975. Comprised of distinguished individuals from virtually every facet of the dental profession, AAED has developed an outstanding reputation for quality and for maintaining the highest level of excellence. With just over 180 members worldwide, representing the United States and 11 other countries, AAED’s members are internationally known for their reputable work and for their contributions to the global dentistry marketplace. Membership in AAED is by invitation only.

Congratulations to our very own, Dr. Jacinthe M. Paquette DDS, who has been inducted as the New President of the American Academy of Esthetic Dentistry.

 

 

Periodontal Pathogen May Interfere With Conception

A common periodontal pathogen may delay conception in young women, according to a study carried out at the University of Helsinki and published in the Journal of Oral Microbiology. Previous studies have shown that periodontal diseases may be a risk for general health, but no data on the influence of periodontal bacteria on conception or becoming pregnant have been available.

The study population comprised 256 healthy nonpregnant women who had discontinued contraception in order to become pregnant. Clinical oral and gynecological examinations were performed. Detection of major periodontal pathogens in saliva and analysis of serum and saliva antibodies against major periodontal pathogens as well as a vaginal swab for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis at baseline were carried out. Subjects were followed-up to establish whether they did or did not become pregnant during the observation period of 12 months.

Porphyromonas gingivalis, a bacterium associated with periodontal diseases, was significantly more frequently detected in the saliva among women who did not become pregnant during the one-year follow-up period than among those who did. The levels of salivary and serum antibodies against this pathogen were also significantly higher in women who did not become pregnant.

Statistical analysis showed that the finding was independent of other risk factors contributing to conception, such as age, current smoking, socioeconomic status, bacterial vaginosis, previous deliveries or clinical periodontal disease.

Women who had P. gingivalis in the saliva and higher saliva or serum antibody concentrations against this bacterium had a threefold hazard for not becoming pregnant compared to their counterparts. Increased hazard was nearly fourfold if more than one of these qualities and clinical signs of periodontitis were present.

“Our study does not answer the question on possible reasons for infertility, but it shows that periodontal bacteria may have a systemic effect even in lower amounts and even before clear clinical signs of gum disease can be seen,” said periodontist and researcher Susanna Paju, DDS, PhD, of the University of Helsinki. “More studies are needed to explain the mechanisms behind this association.”

Learn more about this study at the Journal of Oral Microbiology (2017); doi. org/10.1080/20002297.2017.1330644.

Published by CDA Journal, Vol 45, N°9. September 2017.

Study: Gum Disease Associated With Increased Cancer Risk In Postmenopausal Women

 

HealthDay (8/1, Reinberg) reports that gum disease is associated with “an increased risk of several types of cancer in postmenopausal women, even in women who never smoked,” according to a new study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. The article reports that the investigators found gum disease was “tied to a 14 percent higher risk of developing any type of cancer,” although “the greatest risk was for esophageal cancer, which was more than three times more likely in older women who had gum disease than those who didn’t.” The findings showed gum disease was also associated with a higher risk of developing breast cancer, gallbladder cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma.

SheetsPacquetteWuOffice-0834-2868158592-O.jpgThe New York Daily News (8/1, Dziemianowicz) reports that for the study, University of Buffalo researchers used “data on 65,000 postmenopausal subjects between the ages of 54 and 86 enrolled in the ongoing Women’s Health Initiative.” Lead author and epidemiology professor Jean Wactawski-Wende, PhD, said, “Our study was sufficiently large and detailed enough to examine not just overall risk of cancer among older women with periodontal disease, but also to provide useful information on a number of cancer-specific sites.”
Reuters (8/1, Rapaport) reports that the study had several limitations, including that it was not “a controlled experiment designed to prove how or if poor oral health causes cancer,” and it also “relied on women to accurately recall and report their periodontal disease.”

MouthHealthy.org provides additional information on gum disease.

Re-posted by ADA Morning Huddle: Dentistry in the News; August 2017. http://www.ada.org

Teeth Tell Story of Humans’ Relationship With Sun

The story of humanity’s vital — and fragile — relationship with the sun has been locked inside our teeth for hundreds of thousands of years. A new method is starting to tease out answers to questions of evolution and migration, using clues hidden just under the enamel.

A group of McMaster University researchers reveals the potential of the method in a paper in Current Anthropology. In 2016, the researchers first established that dentine carries a permanent record of vitamin D deficiency, which is also called rickets. During periods of severe deficiency, new layers of dentine cannot mineralize, leaving microscopic markers scientists can read like rings of a tree.

Those markers can tell the story of human adaptation as early man moved from
equatorial Africa into lower-light regions and may explain changes in skin pigmentation
to metabolize more sunlight or how indoor living has damaged human health. Until now, there has been no reliable way to measure vitamin D deficiency over time. As the authors show with examples from ancient and modern teeth, the method is valuable for understanding a health condition that today affects more than 1 billion people.

“This is exciting because we now have a proven resource that could finally bring
definitive answers to fundamental questions about the early movements and conditions
of human populations and new information about the importance of vitamin D for
modern populations,” said Megan Brickley, PhD, a McMaster anthropologist and lead author of the paper.

Learn more about this study at Current Anthropology (2017); doi: 10.1086/691683.

Published by CDA Journal, Vol 45, N°7. July 2017.

Perio Treatment Aids Heart Health in People With Diabetes

A new study published recently in the journal Internal Medicine examined the effects of periodontal interventions on cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with periodontitis and type 2 diabetes and found that some therapeutic treatments may reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.

Researchers from Hungkuang University in Taiwan conducted a retrospective study of more than 15,000 patients to determine if undergoing subgingival curettage or flap operations influenced the occurrence of cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, heart failure and stroke, in patients with periodontitis and type 2 diabetes. They found that advanced periodontal therapy lowers the rate of CVD, especially myocardial infarction and heart failure. “Dental management has a beneficial effect on the health of patients with type 2 diabetes,” said lead author Chiung-Huei Peng, DDS, PhD.

Through the Taiwan National Health Insurance program, researchers considered data for adults with the diagnoses of type 2 diabetes in 1999 through 2001 and periodontitis who had not been previously diagnosed with CVD and had outpatient periodontal treatment in the three years following the diabetes diagnosis. They assigned participants to an advanced or nonadvanced periodontal treatment group based on the most severe periodontal treatment they had undergone. Subgingival curettage and fl ap operations were defined as advanced periodontal treatments, resulting in 3,039 patients in the advanced treatment group. All patients were followed until the onset of CVD or Dec. 31, 2011.

After adjusting for confounding variables, the researchers found that undergoing advanced periodontal treatment versus nonadvanced treatment did not significantly affect the incidence of CVD. However, the incidences of myocardial infarction and heart failure, which are major components of CVD, were each significantly lower in the advanced treatment group compared with the nonadvanced treatment group. The incidence of stroke was not affected.

“Our analysis revealed that advanced periodontal treatment effectively alleviated the incidence of myocardial infarction and heart failure (the latter to a greater extent), whereas it had no significant effect on stroke,” the authors wrote. “These results indicate there might be some discrepancies between the pathogenesis of stroke and periodontitis associated coronary artery disease.”

Learn more about this study in Internal Medicine 56 (9), 1015-1021 (2017).

Published by CDA Journal, Vol 45, N°7. July 2017.